File Commands

The commands in the File command menu are described here, except for those commands relating to key and option settings. These are described in Function Key Definitions and Option Setting and Saving.

Font Pages

To prevent fonts from becoming unmanageable interactively, fonts (actually font masters) are organized in pages. A font may contain up to 32768 characters. These are organized in pages of 256 characters each. The position of the first character in a page is always a multiple of 256. Originally, only one page is present in a font; its character positions are 0 to 255.

Other pages are automatically added when characters are saved in appropriate positions. For instance, saving a character in position 1000 will automatically create the page containing the character positions 768 through 1023 if it does not priorly exist. Pages are usually transparent to the user. The only place where they are explicitly used is in the Font Window while laying out the font.


A font is loaded from a file into TYPO for subsequent editing with the Open command. The user is presented with the file selection pop-up window. This window is shown in the following figure.

The File Selection Pop-up window
 The file selection pop-up window

On the left, all the directory names within the current directory are shown; on the right, all the file names are shown.

Clicking at a directory will behave as if that directory has become the current directory. Clicking at a file name will make that file name the candidate for loading; the name will be copied into the Selection line. Clicking OK will cause that file to be loaded.

File names can be entered as text; this is done in the Selection field. Clicking OK will cause that file to be loaded.

File names can also be selected according to a certain pattern. In that case, the pattern is written in the Filter line. Legal pattern characters are (similarly to the UNIX shell) the asterisk, denoting any string, the question mark, denoting any character, and braces, denoting a comma-separated list of alternative strings.

After a pattern is entered in to the Filter line, the Filter button must be pressed. Now, only all the file names matching the pattern are listed.

TYPO determines whether the file to be loaded is a raster or curve font (from the first two characters in the file; see TYPO font formats).

Files of other formats can be loaded as well; TYPO will automatically convert the font on loading. If the font type can be detected by TYPO, the Loading File Type menu is made inactive. Otherwise, that menu can be used to specify the source font type.

Conversion options can be specified after pressing the Options button. These are specified in detail in the section on Converting Fonts. The internal conversion command generated by the current parameter setting can be previewed with the Preview button; this button is, however, intended only for the technically oriented user.

File->Open Protected

Open Protected acts similarly to File->Open. However, it loads a font write-protected, such that it cannot subsequently be modified or saved, unless using File->Save as.

A font loaded with Open Protected is displayed with an exclamation mark ('!') preceding its name in the Active Fonts menu.


A font is closed (discarded from memory) with the Close Font command. The font is deleted from the Active Fonts Menu in the control panel. If the font was modified and not subsequently saved, the user is presented with a pop-up confirmer. Clicking the left mouse button over Yes (or just hitting the RETURN key) will close the font. Clicking it over the No button will abort the command, and the font stays in memory.


The current font is saved with Save. If the current font is a newly created font, and has not been renamed (i.e. its name is NEW_RASTERS or NEW_CURVES), the user is first prompted with the file selection pop-up window to determine the name of the file for saving the font, as in File->Save as. The asterisk next to the font name (indicating that the font was modified after last being saved) gets erased. Note that this command can only be used if the font was modified after last saving it. The File->Save as command can be used to save a font that was not modified.

The font is saved under its original name, unless the Font Version option is enabled. If this option is enabled, the font name for saving is determined as follows:

File->Save as

The current font may be written under a different file name (even if it is protected) with the Save as command. The user is shown the file selection pop-up window.

There, either the name of an existing file can be selected just as in File->Open. A file name can also be entered in the Selection line.

A font can either be saved in the TYPO format, or can be converted into a multitude of external formats. For the latter purpose, select the destination format from the Saving as file type menu, and select additional conversion options after pressing the Options button. A full list of the options is given in the section on Conversion Options.

Pressing the OK button initiates the conversion.

File->New Raster Font

New Raster Font creates a new, initially empty, raster font. The font is assigned the internal name NEW_RASTER.

File->New Curve Font

New Curve Font creates a new, initially empty, curve font. The font is assigned the internal name NEW_CURVES.

File->Font Edit

This submenu contains the commands editing a menu as a whole, rather than individual characters. The commands are described in the section Font Edit Commands.


The name of a font (together with the whole file path) can be changed with Rename.

The file name is determined just as for the File->Open command.


This submenu contains the commands handling multiple master fonts, and are described in the Multiple Masters section.


The behavior of TYPO is prescribed by a number of options. These options are set with the Options command. See Option Setting and Saving for more details.


Keys enables the user to assign menu commands to the left keys and the function keys (F1 through F12). Hitting one of these keys will execute the command bound to it. See Function Key Definitions for more details.

File->Save Options/Keys->Globally, File->Save Options/Keys->Locally

Global definitions are applicable without consideration to the present working directory of the user. Local options/keys depend on the present working directory, and they override global definitions.

The Save Options/Keys->Globally command saves the present option settings and key definitions in the file .typodefs in the user"s home directory. The Save Options/Keys -> Locally command saves the present option settings and key definitions in the file .typodefs in current directory. At TYPO startup time, it is checked whether there is such a file in the current directory. If found, this file is read in, and the keys and options are preset accordingly. Otherwise, TYPO checks whether there is such a file in the user"s home directory. If that file exists, TYPO presets the keys and options according to that file.


TYPO is quit with the Exit command. If any character or font was modified after last being saved, or if any piece of a character was copied (with Edit->Cut or Edit->Copy) for later use, but not yet used, TYPO queries the user with a confirmer pop-up window whether to really quit.